The Himalaya region
The Himalayan region is characterized by the massive mountain ranges of the Himalaya, the Karakoram, the Hindu Kush and a host of minor ranges extending from the Pamir Knot. The region is home to the nations of Nepal, Bhutan, the Indian states of Arunachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh and the regions of Tibet, Jammu, Kashmir, and Ladakh. The name is from Sanskrit himālaya, a tatpurusa compound meaning "the abode of snow" (from hima "snow", and ālaya "abode"; see also Himavat). Together, the Himalaya mountain system is the planet's highest and home to all fourteen of the world's highest peaks: the Eight-thousanders, including Mount Everest. The mountain ranges are the source of three of the world's major river systems, the Indus Basin, the Ganga-Brahmaputra Basin and the Yangtze Basin. The people of the Himalayan region are largely of Indo-Tibetan descent and distinctive religions include Hinduism and Tibetan Buddhism.
Arunachal Pradesh • Bhutan • Buddhism • Himachal Pradesh • Himalaya • Hindu Kush • Hinduism • Karakoram • Kashmir • Nepal • Sikkim • Tibet • Uttarakhand
Darjeeling is a town in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of Darjeeling district, in the Shiwalik Hills on the lower range of the Himalaya, at an average elevation of 2,134 m (6,982 ft). The name "Darjeeling" is a combination of the Tibetan words Dorje ("thunderbolt") and ling ("place"), translating to "The land of the thunderbolt." During the British Raj in India, Darjeeling's temperate climate led to its development as a hill station (hill town) for British residents to escape the heat of the plains during the summers. Darjeeling is internationally famous for its tea industry and the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The tea plantations date back to the mid 1800s as part of a British development of the area. The tea growers of the area developed distinctive hybrids of black tea and fermenting techniques, with many blends considered among the world's finest. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway connecting the town with the plains was declared a World Heritage Site in 1999 and is one of the few steam engines still in service in India. Darjeeling has several British-style public schools, which attract students from many parts of India and neighbouring countries. The town, along with neighbouring Kalimpong was a major centre for the demand of a separate Gorkhaland state in the 1980s, though the separatist movement has gradually decreased over the past decade due to the setting up of an autonomous hill council. In the recent years the town's fragile ecology is threatened by a rising demand for environmental resources, stemming from growing tourist traffic and poorly planned urbanisation. (more...)
Selected picture of the week
|Pangong Tso the largest Himalayan lake located at an altitude of 4,600 m.
|Photo credit: Abhi182
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Highest peaks of the Himalayas
||Other names and meaning
||Sagarmatha -"Forehead of the Sky",
Chomolangma or Qomolangma -"Mother of the Universe"
||World's highest mountain located in Sino-Nepal border. Till 2010 A.D., about 2305 people, total of 5501 times, from 20 different countries have climbed Mt. Everest.
||World's 2nd highest. Located in Pakistan. World's toughest mountain to climb.
||World's 3rd highest. Located in India-Nepal border.
||World's 4th highest and close to Mt Everest. Located on the border between China and Nepal.
||World's 5th highest. Located on the border between China and Nepal.
||World's 6th highest. Located on the border between China and Nepal.
||World's 7th highest. Located in Nepal.
||Kutang - "Mountain of the Spirit"
||World's 8th highest. Located in Nepal.
||Nangaparbat Peak or Diamir, "Naked Mountain"
||World's 9th highest. Located in Pakistan. Considered one of the world's most dangerous mountains to climb.
||"Goddess of the Harvests"
||World's 10th highest. Located in Nepal.
||Hidden Peak (Khumbu Gangri) or K5
||World's 11th highest. Located in Pakistan.
||K3 (Phalchen Gangri)
||World's 12th highest. Located in Pakistan.
||World's 13th highest. Located in Pakistan.
||"Crest above the grassy plains"
Gosainthan -Sanskrit for "place of the saint",
||Popular climbing peak.