Provincial city (Taiwan)
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This article is part ofAdministrative divisions
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of the Republic of China
Provincial cities (省轄市 shěngxiáshì), sometimes translated provincial municipalities, are cities lesser in rank than special municipalities of the Republic of China (Taiwan). They are governed by provinces directly and are one level above the most basic county-controlled cities.
In the early 20th century, the criteria of being a provincial municipality, as stated in Laws on the City Formation (市組織法) of the Republic of China, included being the provincial capital as well as having a population of over 200,000, or over 100,000 if the city had particular significance in politics, economics, and culture.
After relocating the government to Taiwan, where many cities considered to be insignificant[weasel words] had large populations, the Republic of China government raised the limit to 500,000 in 1981 in the Scheme on the Local Rules in Various Counties and Cities of Taiwan Province (臺灣省各縣市實施地方自治綱要). It was later raised again to 600,000.
Provincial cities in Taiwan
There are currently three provincial municipalities, all part of Taiwan Province, administered by the Republic of China:
|English||Chinese||Tongyong Pinyin||Hanyu Pinyin||Wade-Giles||Pe̍h-ōe-jī||Pha̍k-fa-sṳ||City Seat||City Seat in Chinese|
|Chiayi City||嘉義市||Jiayi||Jiāyì||Chia1-i4||Ka-gī||Kâ-ngi||East District||東區|
|Hsinchu City||新竹市||Sinjhu||Xīnzhú||Hsin1-chu2||Sin-tek||Sîn-tsuk||North District||北區|
|Keelung City||基隆市||Jilong||Jīlóng||Chi1-lung2||Ke-lâng||Kî-lùng||Zhongzheng District||中正區|
Timeline since 1945 within the present-day geograhical border
|1945||Changhua City, Chiayi City,
Hsinchu City, Kaohsiung City,
Keelung City, Taichung City,
Tainan City, Taipei City,
|9||Reform from the prefecture-controlled cities in the period under Japanese rule.|
|August 16, 1950||Chiayi City||8||merged into Chiayi County and became a county-controlled city|
|December 1, 1951||Changhua City, Hsinchu City,
|5||downgraded to county-controlled cities|
|July 1, 1967||Taipei City||4||upgraded to a special municipality|
|July 1, 1979||Kaohsiung City||3||upgraded to a special municipality|
|July 1, 1982||Chiayi City, Hsinchu City||5||upgraded from county-controlled cities|
|December 25, 2010||Taichung City, Tainan City||3||merge with Taichung County and Tainan County, and upgraded to special municipalities|
|Provincial cities in existence:Chiayi City, Hsinchu City, Keelung City (3).|
The provincial city hierarchy will be abolished in 2014 under President Ma Ying-jeou's "Three municipalities and 15 counties" scheme if the plan goes through. Keelung is planned to be merged with Taipei, while Hsinchu and Chiayi will merge with their respective counties (Hsinchu County and Chiayi County) to become county-controlled cities.[clarification needed] Their districts will become the districts within a centrally administered municipality, which has a status equivalent to a province.
List of provincial cities before 1949
|This section requires expansion. (December 2012)|
Under Beiyang Government
Under Kuomintang Government since 1928
- the term "provincial cities" is used to refer to prefecture-level cities in the People's Republic of China, see Administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China#Prefecture level.